By Begoña Soneira
This publication bargains an intensive lexical description of an English for particular reasons (ESP) sort, English for structure, through a do-it-yourself corpus. As different wisdom groups, structure practitioners have a particular discourse and a linguistic identification in their personal. either are conveyed via particular linguistic realizations, and are of substantial curiosity within the box of ESP. The corpus used used to be designed for the aim of describing and studying the most lexical beneficial properties of structure Discourse from 3 diversified views: word-formation, loanword neology and semantic neology, that are the 3 major foundations of lexis. so one can research all fabrics a database of just about 3 thousand entries was once produced, together with an outline and type of each notice from the corpus thought of proper for the research. due to this technique the lexical personality of structure language is finally printed in reference to the linguistic id of its practitioners.
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Additional info for A Lexical Description of English for Architecture: A Corpus-based Approach
It might be argued that only those listed in dictionaries may be considered to be compounds beyond doubt, and indeed that might be the case; however, I have also taken into account many non-listed technical or semitechnical expressions since they show similar characteristics to those listed and, most importantly, they are lexically relevant from an ESP perspective. Date of coinage Although this study does not specifically aim at providing a historical analysis of the data, it is interesting for our purposes to take into account the date of coinage besides other data for those words listed in the OED, since this dictionary provides the date in which each entry has apparently occurred for the first time, including compounds; thanks to this information, I could draw a distribution table according to the date items have been first recorded.
The computerized texts were printed out to undergo a reading perusal and thus the corpus was manually analyzed for the scrutiny of specific lexical devices. In this proto-analysis there are two main targets: identifying the end and establishing the means to reach such end. The study of the lexis is in broad terms the objective; more specifically, technical and semi-technical lexis and aspects of the lexis that might be considered “marked” (marked as in differing from the general language, or being non-listed, as in newly created items or recently borrowed loanwords) and thus distinctive.
Some examples include satellite city as in satellite city expansion, Shingle style as in Shingle style houses or Portland cement in Portland cement mortar: (20) “Absorption” is concerned with satellite city expansion and regional sponges. It will look at increased pressure triggering the development of previously ignored ambiguous and interstitial space. ) (21) The Palladian window, obligatory for all Shingle Style houses, is centered in the master bedroom. ) (22) Twenty-five years ago, contractors, engineers, and owners typically chose to repoint with a strong Portland cement mortar, so as to avoid ever having to do the work again.