By Paul Rouzer
40 classes designed to introduce starting scholars to the fundamental styles and constructions of Classical chinese language are taken from a couple of pre-Han and Han texts chosen to provide scholars a grounding in exemplary Classical chinese language type. extra classes use texts from later classes to aid scholars take pleasure in the alterations in written chinese language over the centuries. each one lesson includes a textual content, a vocabulary checklist that includes discussions of which means and utilization, causes of grammar, and explications of inauspicious passages. the normal smooth chinese language, eastern, and Korean pronunciations are indicated for every personality, making this a studying software for local audio system of these languages in addition. Appendices provide feedback for extra readings, overview universal and demanding phrases, clarify the novel method, and supply eastern kanbun readings for all of the decisions. Glossaries of all vocabulary goods and pronunciation indexes for contemporary chinese language and Korean also are incorporated.
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Extra info for A New Practical Primer of Literary Chinese (Harvard East Asian Monographs)
This is passive voice. 11). However, it's not unusual for a writer to use the passive voice without any special indication of such when the meaning of the sentence would make it clear. In the second proverb above, 國家不治 should be read passively; although in English we could say that a state or a family governs, usually in Chinese these are recipients of governing. So, “the state and family are not [well] governed" would be correct. 6. Implied compound sentences: As we shall see, literary Chinese does have words for constructing multiclause sentences, like “if,” “when,” “then,” “although,” and so forth.
M: gōng J: kō コウ, kimi きみ K: gong 공 C: gūng 1. “Duke” (a feudal title). * 2. Gong, [a surname; see Lesson 6 for an example] 3. Master. [polite suffix, similar to 生(10-2) and 子(29-2)] 4. You, Sir. 1. Meanings #3 and #4, though quite common, do not occur in our lesson texts. Radical 12 (八). 齊桓公 M: qí huán gōng C: chàih wùhn gūng J: sei kan kō せいかんこう K: je hwan gong 제 환 공 Duke Huan of Qi. E. As with the names of the states, you should familiarize yourself with some of the more famous rulers and historical figures of the pre-imperi period.
This character is quite common in both transitive use (君成德, “The ruler perfects his vir¬tue") and intransitive use (德成, "Virtue comes to perfection"). Radical 62 (戈, "spear"). 78. 所 M: suǒ J: so ソ, sho ショ, tokoro ところ K: so 소 C: só 1. Place, location. 2. ]* The second use of this character is fairly complicated and will probably cause you some difficulty. 3 below. Radical 63 (戶, “door”). 79. 在 M: zài J: zai ザイ, aru ある K: jae 재 C: joih To be located in [a place]; to be at [a place]; to exist, to be living.