By Gian Francesco Giudice
This publication offers an easy and comprehensible consultant for appreciating the discoveries which are approximately to happen on the huge Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN, the world's biggest particle accelerator. A CERN physicist leads the lay reader into the realm of particle physics, from the magnificent technological thoughts that have been essential to construct the LHC, throughout the speculative theories invented to explain the last word legislation governing the universe. the result's a unprecedented trip contained in the cloth of subject, an exhilarating experience inside of an odd and bewildering area, in which you may enjoy the size of the highbrow revolution that's approximately to occur. Does the mysterious Higgs boson exist? Does area conceal supersymmetry or expand into additional dimensions? How can colliding protons on the LHC free up the secrets and techniques of the beginning of our universe? those questions are all framed after which addressed via a professional within the box. whereas making no compromises in accuracy, this state-of-the-art fabric is gifted in a pleasant, obtainable sort. The book's goal isn't just to notify, yet to offer the reader the physicist's feel of awe and pleasure, as we stand close to a brand new period in figuring out the realm during which all of us live.
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Extra resources for A Zeptospace Odyssey
The most powerful particle accelerator in the universe is the universe itself. Cosmic rays, mostly consisting of protons and nuclei, are accelerated by various astronomical sources up to enormous energies, and continuously bombard our atmosphere, penetrating down to the earth’s surface. Cosmic rays were the first resource used by physicists to search for new particles whose production requires high-energy collisions. To detect particles produced by cosmic rays hitting the atmosphere, physicists used cloud chambers.
But I was not familiar in detail with Dirac’s work. ”27 The marriage between special relativity and quantum mechanics had generated antimatter. In other words, the logical consistency of special relativity and quantum mechanics implies that matter cannot exist without its counterpart – antimatter. For each particle there exists a corresponding antiparticle, a sort of mirror image of the particle. They both have exactly the same mass but opposite electric charges. Anderson’s discovery of the positron opened the hunt for antimatter.
Reines, The Detection of Pauli’s Neutrino, in History of Original Ideas and Basic Discoveries in Particle Physics, ed. B. Newman and T. Ypsilantis, Plenum Press, New York 1996. FORC E S OF N A T U R E | 45 Strong force Only strong personalities can endure history, the weak ones are extinguished by it. Friedrich Nietzsche21 Once it was established that the nucleus is made of protons and neutrons, but does not contain any electrons, the problem was to understand what binds these particles together inside atomic nuclei.