By Gian Francesco Giudice
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Additional info for A Zeptospace Odyssey: A Journey into the Physics of the LHC
To his amazement, he saw an image of the Maltese cross printed on the photographic plate. 1 The photographic image of the Maltese cross with Becquerel’s handwritten notes. Source: AIP Emilio Segrè Visual Archives / William G. Myers Collection. 38 | A Z E P T O S PA C E O D Y S S E Y black paper. ”13 Becquerel had discovered radioactivity. Curiously, in the same month of the same year, Silvanus Thompson (1851–1916) obtained identical results, favoured by English winter weather and the smog layer of Victorian London.
For each particle there exists a corresponding antiparticle, a sort of mirror image of the particle. They both have exactly the same mass but opposite electric charges. Anderson’s discovery of the positron opened the hunt for antimatter. The next goal was to prove that protons and neutrons have their corresponding antiparticles too. To produce antiprotons and antineutrons, which are almost 2000 times heavier than positrons, high-energy particle accelerators were needed. Physicists at Berkeley started the construction of the Bevatron, an accelerator that generated a proton beam that could be used to bombard material targets.
He later said that he held two awful memories of it. The first was that he had to shake hands with 16 W. Pauli, letter to the Tübingen meeting, 4 December 1930, in Wolfgang Pauli, Collected Scientific Papers, ed. R. Kronig, V. Weisskopf, Interscience, New York 1964. 42 | A Z E P T O S PA C E O D Y S S E Y Mussolini. The second was that he had to surrender to the insistence of his colleagues and explain his neutrino hypothesis. ”17 Those were not easy years for Pauli: after the suicide of his mother and his divorce from his first wife, the German dancer Käthe Deppner, Pauli fell into a state of depression.