By Axel Schuessler
This can be the 1st actual etymological dictionary of previous chinese language written in any language. As such, it constitutes a milestone in learn at the evolution of the Sinitic language staff. while past stories have emphasised the constitution of the chinese language characters, this pathbreaking dictionary locations fundamental emphasis at the sounds and meanings of Sinitic roots. in keeping with greater than 3 a long time of extensive research in basic and secondary resources, this thoroughly new dictionary locations outdated chinese language squarely in the Sino-Tibetan language relations (including shut attention of diverse Tiberto-Burman languages), whereas paying due regard to different language households resembling Austroasiatic, Miao-Yao (Hmong-Mien), and Kam-Tai.
Designed to be used via nonspecialists and experts alike, the dictionary is extremely obtainable, being prepared in alphabetical order and possessed of diverse cutting edge lexicographical beneficial properties. each one access bargains a number of attainable etymologies in addition to reconstructed pronunciations and different correct facts. phrases which are morphologically similar are grouped jointly into ''word families'' that try and make specific the derivational or different etymological procedures that relate them. The dictionary is preceded by means of a substantial and important creation that outlines the authorвЂ™s perspectives at the linguistic place of chinese language inside Asia and information the phonological and morphological houses, to the measure they're recognized, of the earliest levels of the chinese and its ancestor. This creation, since it either summaries and synthesizes prior paintings and makes numerous unique contributions, capabilities as an invaluable reference paintings all by itself.
The ABC Etymological Dictionary of outdated chinese language is a huge fulfillment within the heritage of chinese language linguistics, supplying many new hypotheses and systematically comparing and incorporating past scholarship. it is going to be warmly welcomed by means of students in a large choice of China- and Asia-related fields, together with early chinese, literature, tradition, and notion in addition to the wider cultural-linguistic panorama of prehistorical East and Southeast Asia.
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Extra info for ABC Etymological Dictionary of Old Chinese
Each of the eight stems (four in each table) means, in at least one language, 'to swell, swollen', or a transparent semantic derivative of 'swell' ('bubble', 'thigh '). The overall stem I meaning distribution shows, for example, that IP bum 3l 'hill', IP bum 55 'swell', and CH peng Jt *oom 'luxuriant' belong to the same stem and are genetically related in spite of their rather different meanings, whereas IP ph um 31 'lie down' is outside the semantic range 'big hill' probably is not cognate IP bum 'hill', etc.
Benedict (LTBA 16:2, 1993: 121) calls these 'split cognates'. This is the result of a sesquisyllabic form (Matisoff's term) with a vowel between prefix and initial consonant which subsequently became the main vowel with loss of the now final vowel (CCV == CVCV > CVe). A case in point is FrB *b-I)a? 'five' (variant of *l-l]a) > Lushai palJa > pOl]. Five Here the intermediate sesquisyllabic stage of a form is attested. Such a form is not found in the few other cases; they all involve a putative ST *r or *m pre-initial: To steal FrB *r-ku, WT rku-ba 'to steal', WB khui B vs.
The following cognate sets are typical: Gloss To steal Thin Give Go around Chepang ku? be? roy? Tiddim gu: 1 <-? pa: 1 < -? Lush. *veel? LHan < OCM ku 7r! khOC < *khOh b6 ¥! bak < *biik bi W pis < *pis wei -&t wui A Where tone B does occur in OC *-n? 1). Gums Lush. *-hnii? shen ~31 sinB PTB *rnil WB has a final stop in some words which elsewhere end in a nasal. Chepang and Kuki-Chin languages suggest that the reason may be a PTB final *-N? CH, which has tone A, has eliminated the suspected ST final glottal stop, as expected (KC =Kuki-Chin; Chep.