By Alexander Friedrich Scheuerle, Eckart Schmidt, H.E. Völcker, L.E. Pillunat, F.E. Kruse
Glaucoma is still one of many prime factors of blindness. Laser scanning tomography has won an vital function within the ophthalmologic prognosis, particularly within the long term follow-up of glaucoma. Confocal laser scanning ophthalmoscopy presents key insights into the third-dimensional anatomy of the optic disc in vivo. This certain atlas includes marvelous photographs of all clinically proper illnesses clinically determined through present versions of the Heidelberg Retina Tomograph. It correlates classical diagnostic instruments like perimetry, tonometry and fundus images with cutting-edge reviews together with electronic retinal angiography, optical coherence tomography and laser scanning tomography. exact beneficial properties comprise the illustrated assurance of ailments of the optic nerve head; differing kinds and phases of glaucoma, non-glaucomatous neuropathy and papilledema; computerized category methods for the detection of glaucoma; techniques for the translation of follow-up leads to optic disc tracking and macular illnesses. The almost immediately published Macular Edema Module expands the diagnostic spectrum of laser scanning ophthalmoscopy considerably, including measuring and tracking of diabetic and cystoid macular edema. This atlas is the main complete up to date reference of laser scanning ophthalmoscopy to be had, perfect for citizens and basic ophthalmologists who are looking to improve their diagnostic skills.
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Extra resources for Atlas of Laser Scanning Ophthalmoscopy
Rim/disc area ratio [ J ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ! ··· ................ ...... ..... cup/disc area ratio [ J ... rim/disc area ratio [ J . ········f··············f··············r··············f ...... -..... 189 000 . . ········;··············;·············"[············1··· .. . r·.. .... ·f·· .... ·.. ·····r· .......... ·r·········· .... : ot··· II II • ·· . •••••••• •••• • • • •• • 0 .. 0 , - 0 ••• ' " • • , r·r ............. • .. 0 . n .. . ------ .
It is also to be noted that all published studies concerning the validity and reliability of discriminant functions or regression analysis are based on relatively small study populations that certainly do not include the natural variety of optic disc samples. 0 mm2) which might appear abnormal due to its increased cup (Sampaolesi et al. 2001). Despite normal rim volume, normal visual field and normal lOP, megalopapillas are often rated as glaucomatous by automated classification procedures including the Moorfields regression analysis.
1998). As a single parameter, the "retinal nerve fiber layer cross sectional area;' the "third moment or cup shape measure" and the global "cup-disc area ratio" could have the greatest diagnostic precision in identifying an abnormal 3 Glaucomas A. F. , Atlas of Laser Scanning Ophthalmoscopy © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004 disc (Uchida et al. 1996). However, these parameters are related to disc size, pointed out by studies of lester and Bathija (lester et al. 1997, Bathija et al. 1998).