By Mats Lindroos
The beta-beam notion for the new release of electron neutrino beams used to be first proposed by means of Piero Zucchelli in 2002. the belief created relatively a stir, tough the concept excessive neutrino beams in basic terms can be made from the decay of pions or muons in classical neutrino beams amenities or in destiny neutrino factories. the concept that at the beginning struggled to make an influence however the exertions via many computer physicists, phenomenologists and theoreticians over the past 5 years has gained the beta-beam a well-earned place as one of many frontrunners for a potential destiny global laboratory for prime depth neutrino oscillation physics. this can be the 1st entire monograph at the beta-beam suggestion. The booklet describes either technical elements and experimental facets of the beta-beam, offering: scholars and scientists with an perception into the chances provided by means of beta-beams; facility designers with a place to begin for destiny experiences; and, coverage makers with a accomplished photo of the bounds and chances provided via a beta-beam.
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Extra resources for Beta Beams
In the studies done so far the multiple chargestate acceleration technique has not been explored. The cost of a linac is to ﬁrst order proportional to its length. This is determined by the requested top energy, the available integral voltage gradient along the linac and the A/Q of the accelerated particles. A recent study of high intensity ion linacs  has shown that a suitable compromise between cost and performance using SC cavities technology results in a top energy of beta-beam ions of 100–200 MeV per nucleon after the linac.
06 no BG signal stat only stat+10%syst. 9 1 sinǬ Fig. 2 LCPV sensitivity curve of T2HK. From . T2HK and T2KK Phase II of the T2K experiment, often called T2HK, foresees an increase of beam power up to the maximum feasible with the accelerator and target (4 MW beam power), antineutrino runs, and a very large, 520 kt, water ˇ Cerenkov, HyperKamiokande or HK, to be built close to SuperKamiokande. Performances of such a setup have been computed in Ref.  (see Fig. 7). From this ﬁgure two main considerations can be taken: (1) Systematic errors play a critical role in LCPV sensitivities: systematic errors bigger than 5% could potentially kill the experimental sensitivity.
It should anyway be noted that the absence of νµ events in the close detector means that there is no way to measure signal (νµ ) cross sections in the close detector. This could represent the major source of systematic errors in a beta-beam experiment. 1 Neutrino factories In a neutrino factory the neutrinos originate from the decay of muons which are created via pions by protons impinging on a target. The muons have Introduction 25 to be captured, cooled, accelerated and put into a decay ring with straight sections pointing towards the detectors.