By Michael P. Fronda
Hannibal invaded Italy with the wish of elevating frequent rebellions between Rome's subordinate allies. but even after crushing the Roman military at Cannae, he was once merely in part winning. Why did a few groups choose to facet with Carthage and others to part with Rome? this is often the basic query posed during this publication, and attention is given to the actual political, diplomatic, army and fiscal elements that prompted person groups' judgements. realizing their motivations unearths a lot, not only in regards to the conflict itself, but in addition approximately Rome's kinfolk with Italy throughout the past centuries of competitive enlargement. The ebook sheds new gentle on Roman imperialism in Italy, the character of Roman hegemony, and the transformation of Roman Italy within the interval prime as much as the Social conflict. it truly is proficient all through via modern political technology thought and archaeological facts, and should be required interpreting for all historians of the Roman Republic.
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Extra resources for Between Rome and Carthage: Southern Italy during the Second Punic War
5; cited by Eckstein 2006: 128, who notes that even Harris 1971: 53, 58 accepts the Etruscans as aggressors in this case. 36 See especially Eckstein 2006, but also Eckstein 2003, 2008; Champion and Eckstein 2004. Perhaps the most prominent exponent of Realism in the last half-century has been Kenneth Waltz (1959, 1979, 1988, 2000). Mearsheimer 1995 offers a very good introduction to the various sub-schools of international Realism. For an excellent, concise summary, see Eckstein 2006: 12–36. 34 Rome and the Italians, circa 350–220 17 exists above the level of the individual state; there is no authority such as international law or world government that controls or regulates in a meaningful way how states treat each other.
This sequence is fairly well known, and it is unnecessary at this time to elaborate on the narrative – the events as they pertain to the communities of southern Italy will be analysed in greater detail in the following chapters. Rather, I will focus briefly on the nature of interstate relations in this period, not only between Rome and the various cities that it eventually conquered, but also among the Italians themselves. 34 This book assumes, however, that interstate relations in the late fourth and even the early third centuries were rather more contingent and multipolar.
Indeed, technical discussions weighing the relative historicity of individual passages or considering the relevant significance of archaeological data are found throughout this book; they are too numerous to be listed and summarised here, and the reader will have to judge the merits of the specific arguments as they are confronted. Still, it is appropriate to discuss in more general terms some of the major challenges posed 5 For more on these relations see now Bispham 2007: esp. 74–160. 6 Introduction by the ancient evidence for this period, both literary and material, and the respective approaches that will be taken in this book to deal with them.