By D. Barton, S. Earle
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Extra resources for Brakes 2000 [automotive]
Beside the detuning of the vibration system the close coupling assists the resetting of the brake pads after brake application and thus helps to avoid brake squeal occurring in an unpressurized brake system. 1 Series applications During the brake application a friction force appears between the front side of the brake pad's backplate and the guide surface of the brake shoe holder. This friction force retroacts with a lever-arm equal to half of the distance of the brake pad guides towards the force of pressure which is passed into the brake pad.
2. BRAKE SYSTEM MODELLED WITH CONTINUOUS AND DISCRETE ELEMENTS Figure 1 below shows the idealized brake system to be analyzed. The disc (1), as well as the two pads (2) and (3) are continuous, flexible elements. They are inter-connected by the friction material which is modelled as a continuous spring. At the abutment the pads are in contact with the carrier, a part of the brake not included in this model and only represented by a flexible contact to ground. The pistons (4) and (5) are in contact with the backplate of the inboard pad and they are modelled as rigid bodies with one degree of freedom in the lateral direction.
The location of the damping is important for determining it's effect. A future closer investigation of the calculated response compared to frequencies and mode shapes measured on a operating brake system will be an important test for the validity of the predictions based on this model. The ongoing numerical calculations based on this model are expected to allow for more general conclusions on the effects of variations in system parameters. Preliminary investigations show a clear effect of increasing instability with an increase in the friction coefficient.