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By William F. S. Miles

This article appears to be like on the long term results of the joint Franco-British management in public coverage, political disputes, and social cleavages in post-independence Vanuatu. It emphasizes the powerful imprint left through what the writer phrases "condocolonialism" in dividing ni-Vanuatu into "Anglophones" and "Francophones", but additionally indicates how this department is being changed by way of divisions according to city or rural place of dwelling, conventional or sleek employment and disparities among the prestige and actions of guys and ladies. the amount goals to supply greater than an research of a distinct case of colonialism and its results, it's an interpretation of the evolution of an insular society beset by means of quite extreme pre-colonial, colonial and post-colonial fractures. The research can also be enriched via comparisons among Vanuatu and different colonized societies together with Niger, Nigeria, Martinique, Mauritius and Pondicherry.

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Additional info for Bridging Mental Boundaries in a Postcolonial Microcosm: Identity and Development in Vanuatu

Sample text

The [b]asic constitution of the Condominium . . ”7 To appreciate fully the mental boundaries bequeathed to ni-Vanuatu, we need to assess the historical, cultural, and institutional peculiarities of this one condominium. condominia of note and a west african counterpart Arguably the longest-lasting condominium in recorded history is that of Andorra, wedged in the eastern Pyrenees between France and Spain. In 1278 Andorra was placed under the joint suzerainty of a Spanish bishop and a French nobleman.

Great Britain, on the other hand, had already staked its claim to Fiji and the Solomon Islands and was less eager to intervene on behalf of the English-speaking private companies that were conducting business in the islands. But pressure for British intervention came from Australia, itself a British possession. Australians did not appreciate having one French bagne (penal settlement) already in their backyard, with the possibility of ex-convicts taking over islands even closer! That most of the former convicts were, at least nominally, Catholic only deepened the predominantly Anglican Australian anxiety.

Missionaries were often at odds with each other, particularly when they represented different versions of the Faith. Protestant missionaries, particularly Anglicans and Presbyterians, both feared and despised their Roman Catholic counterparts. Missionaries, often the sole white people on certain islands, could go for years without speaking to each other, especially if they were of different Christian faiths. An unof¤cial demarcation evolved: Anglican missions could have the Northern Islands to themselves, Presbyterians would focus on the central ones, and Catholics would concentrate on Santo, Malakula, and Efate.

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